6th World Congress on Control and Prevention of HIV/AIDS, STDs & STIs
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Title: Surgical site infections of clean-contaminated wounds of operated patients in surgical ward, Iran
Biography: Zinat Mohebbi
Objective & Aim: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most com¬mon health care associated infections in surgical patients and are serious surgical complications happening in approximately 2% of surgical pro¬cedures, although rates differ widely according to the type of procedure. Present study has been done to determine the incidence rate of infection in a clean contaminated wounds and its relationship with some risk factors. Methodology: Cross sectional study, in a convenience sample of 300 patients who underwent surgery classified as clean contaminated in a hospital of Iran. Samples were taken directly from the wound at the first dressing change to all the patients. They were studied to determine bacteria growth. Results: The rate of infection after a clean contaminated surgery was 53%. The most common gram positive microorganism was Staphylococcus aureus (22%), and among gram negative: Escherichia coli (26%), Klebsiella spp. (26%) and Pseudomonas spp. (25%). Significant correlation between the type of surgery and surgical site infection was found, it was not seen with the variables sex and surgical procedure. Conclusion: This study shows important problems regarding patient’s safety. Protocols should be reviewed to control infections.